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Careers in Geography
Career In Geography



Geographers provide their services in diverse fields. There is a high demand for geographers at national and international level. 

Main branches in geography:

  • Physical geography
  • Human geography
  • Environmental geography

and many more.


Geography as a career provides multiple job options. With the increased use of satellite technology and Geographical Information System(GIS), geography is becoming a more promising career option than it was ever before. 


Remuneration depends on qualification, experience and type of organisation. Qualified freshers can expect a starting salary Rs. 15,000 - 25,000 per month. The senior persons in private sector may draw more than Rs.1,20, 000 per month. Consultants also get attractive consultancy fees.


Candidates who have passed 10+2 apply for the bachelor’s course in Geography which is offered in both arts and science stream (i.e B.A Geography and B.Sc. Geography). Post graduation programmes are available in most of the colleges. Computer skills is becoming important now a days in the field of geography especially for GIS.  

Employabilty Skills

  • Perceptive and probing mind.
  • Keen observations.
  • Analytical and logical thinking.
  • Good communication skill.
  • Physically fitness for field work. 
  • Ability to work orderly, patiently and methodically.
  • A passion for field work and laboratory work.
  • Compatibility with computers.
  • Problem solving, analysing and interpreting skills.
  • Ability to handle huge data.

Career test

If you record “Yes” for maximum questions then it indicates that you have potential for perusing career in the field of Geography.

  • Do I like to study rocks, soil, plants, animals, rivers and oceans?
  • Do I  have perceptive and probing mind?
  • Do I  have ability to handle enormous amount of data?
  • Do I  like to travel frequently?
  • Am I ready to bear inconvenience if I am in remote areas?
  • Do I  enjoy laboratory environment as well as field work?
  • Do I  have ability to work independently?
  • Do I  have analysing and interpreting skills?
  • Do I accept failure in experiment as a challenge?
  • Do I have a creative mind? 
  • Do I have keen observation?
  • Am I ready to learn and adopt new techniques?
  • Do I like to work as a team?
  • Am I physically fit to do extesive field work? 

Career opportunities

  • In the age of satellite technology and GIS there are multiple career options for qualified and able geographer.
  • Geographers work with various government departments and research institutes.
  • Geographers get career opportunities in NGOs and goverment agencies which are engaged in population studies, rural development and environmental issues.
  • Teaching in schools/colleges/universities is a good career option.
  • Travel and tourism provides better career opportunities for those having sound back ground of Geography.
  • Map publishers, travel agencies, real estate developers, communication and transportation companies employ Geographers.

Job options

  • Cartographer: Makes maps, charts, globes and models.
  • Surveyor: Job opportunities are available in Geographical Survey of India/State Survey Departments/Private organizations.
  • Drafter: Involves planning, housing and development projects in terms of their location and utilization.
  • Government employer: Geographers are required for mapping, intelligence work and remote sensing interpretation. 
  • Urban and regional planner: Deals with planning,housing and development projects w.r.to utilization of available land-space.
  • GIS specialist: City planners, government agencies and private groups often requires experienced GIS professionals.
  • Climatologist: National Weather Service, news media, weather channel and other government entities occasionally need climatologist. 
  • Transportation manager: Regional transit authorities or shipping, logistics and transportation companies requires geographers.
  • Environmental Manager: Environmental assessment, clean-up and management companies require a geographer for environmental impact reports. 
  • Science (Geography) writer: One can serve as a science writer or a travel writer for a magazine or newspaper.
  • Researcher: Many Government and non-government institutes along with research centres offers several career options for qualified geographers. 
  • Urban planner.
  • Teacher/Professor: Schools/college/University teachers. 
  • Demographer: In government and research organizations.
  • Government officer: Geographical Survey of India/State and Central government provides job opportunities.



  • Government.
  • Geographical Survey of India.
  • NGO\\\'s
  • Metrological departemts.
  • Private companies.
  • Mobile companies


Courses after 12th standard:

  • B.A./BSc (Geography) Eligibility: 10+2 pass. Duration: 3 years. Centres: Reputed colleges in India.

Courses after Graduation:

  • M.Sc (Geography) Eligibility: BA/BSc. Duration: 2 years. Centres: Reputed colleges and Universities in India
  • M.Sc. Geo Informatics Eligibility: B.A./B.Sc Geography Duration: 2 years. Centre: Osmania University Hyderabad www.osmania.ac.in
  • Ph.D (Geography) Eligibility: M.Sc/M.A. Geography Duration: 2 years. Centres: Reputed Universities in India
  • Ph.D. Geo Magnetism Eligibility: M.Sc/M.A. Indian Institute of Geomagnetism (IIG), Navi Mumbai www.iigm.res.in
  • P.G Certified course in Geo-informatics & Remote Sensing Duration: 6 months Centre: Institute of Geo-informatics & Remote Sensing, Kolkata http://www.igrs-gis.com
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Geographical Cartography Osmania University, Hyderabad www.osmania.ac.in
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Science Punjab University, www.puchd.ac.in

Distance courses:

Important Institutes


  1. UPSC exams. 
  2. Maharashtra Public Service Commission Examination: 
  3. JNU Entrance Exam www.jnu.ac.in
  4. Delhi University Entrance Exam www.delhi-university.in
  5. UGC- NET Entrance Exam 

Abroad opportunities

Allied Careers