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Career in Botany
Career In Botany



Botany is the scientific study of plants. It has a key role in natural resource mangment. This field offers a wide range of career opportunities in research, industries, teaching, public service and self employment. “The world is constantly changing, but the need for botanists remains Permanent”.


Career aspirants from different backgrounds, aptitudes and interests find satisfying careers in Botany. Application of plant sciences improves the yield and supply of medicines, foods, fibres, building materials and other plant products. Public health and environmental health mainly depends on better understanding of plant science. The knowlege of plant sciences is essential for developement and management of agriculture, forests, parks, waste lands and sea wealth. 


Salary mainly depends on qualification, skills acquired, experience, nature of job and employer. The salary ranges from 15, 000 to 1,50,000/- in India. In USA, the intermediate research technicians get $33,000, Post-doctoral researchers get $36,366, Professors get $118,000 and research directors get $142,000 per annum.


Graduation or post-graduation or both in the field of Botany is essential for advanced careers. Certificate courses and specialized Diploma in botany help to get jobs. 

Employabilty Skills

  • Keen observation
  • Love for nature
  • A scientific aptitude.
  • Keen interest in plants.
  • Ability to work orderly, patiently and methodically.
  • Documentation skills.
  • Passion for field work as well laboratory work.
  • Ability to work independently.
  • Computer skills
  • Problem solving, analysing and interpreting skills
  • Ability to handle huge data.

Career test

If you record “Yes” for maximum questions then it indicates that you have potential for perusing career in the field of Botany.

  • Do I like to study plants? 
  • Do I enjoy doing experiments with plants and other living organisms?
  • Do I have ability to handle enormous data? 
  • Do I like field work? 
  • Do I love systematic way of working?
  • Do I enjoy laboratory environment?
  • Do I have ability to work independently?
  • Do I have analysing and interpreting skills?
  • Do I accept failure in experiment as a challenge?
  • Do I read latest scientific news, books and research magazines?
  • Do I have a creative mind and deep thinking?
  • Do I have keen observation?
  • Am I ready to learn and adopt new techniques?

Career opportunities

  • Teaching field: Teaching is a challenging and rewarding career. Jobs are available as Teacher in schools;Assistant Professor/Associate and Professor in college/University.
  • Research field: Jobs are available as scientist, research associates, research assistant and laboratory technicians. There are numerous opportunities in private research laboratories as well government laboratories.
  • Industries: Botanists find exciting jobs in industries related to herbal drugs, cosmetics, essential oil, food, biodiesel, seed, paper, textile and many more. 
  • Plant identification services: This has become a rewarding career. 
  • Landscape industry: Development of parks, aesthetic gardens, botanical gardens and biodiversity parks requires a sound background of plant sciences.
  • Consultancy: Biodiversity assessor, environment conversationalist, restoration expert, etc. are finding a lot of job opportunities in public and private sector.
  • Natural resource centre: Especially forest resource manager is a good career in public sector.
  • Government setup: Scientific officer (Biology) in the Central forensic science laboratories.
  • Marketing field: Marketing of products of pharmaceutical companies, seed companies, biotechnology firms, scientific publishers, biological material supply firms, etc.

Job options

  • Aquatic Biologist
  • Biochemist
  • Biophysicist
  • Botanist
  • Conservationist
  • Environmental Scientist
  • Herbarium keeper
  • Landscape supervisor
  • Nursery Manager
  • Online tutor 
  • Plant breeder
  • Plant pathologist
  • Taxonomist
  • Tissue culturist
  • Tree surgeon


  • Nursery and landscaping
  • Mushroom cultivation
  • Production of Agro-based products- Biofertilizers, Biopesticides, growth promoters, plant growth supplements, etc
  • Production and marketing of plant tissue cultured plants.
  • Suppliers of medicinal plants to various Ayurved rasashalas, pharmacies, research institutes and industries.
  • Suppliers of plant materials to Schools, Colleges and Institutes.
  • Production and export of aromatic (Essential) oil products, herbal cosmetics, biofuels, organic acids, 
  • Development of Digital content of Botany. 
  • Cultivation and export of fruits, fresh vegetables and flowers.
  • Preparation and marketing of processed products viz. pickles, mixed fruit jam, jelly, sauce, ketup, etc.
  • Production and export of ayurvedic products viz. herbal shapoos, hair oil and healthcare natural products.

Job tips:

  • A student who enjoys the outdoors enjoys job as an ecologist, taxonomist, conservationist, forester, plant explorer, etc.
  • A student with a strong mathematical background might find Biophysics, Genetics, Modelling or Systems Ecology, Biomaths and Biostatistics to be exciting fields.
  • Student with an interest in Chemistry might become a Plant physiologist, Plant biochemist, Molecular biologist, Chemotaxonomist, etc.
  • Student fascinated by microscopic work might do well in Phycology, Mycology, Plant anatomy, etc.
  • Student with technological bent of mind can do better in Biotechnology, Food technology, Environmental Engineering, Genetic Engineering, Bioengineering, etc.
  • Students with sound back ground of computer can do their career in Bioinformatics, Computational biology and Numerical taxonomy.
  • Student with art inclination finds ornamental horticulture and landscape design as an interesting career.

Job description of Botanist: He/She must have a genuine interest in plant science, a love for nature, an insight into the world of plants and a desire to perform highly specialised research work. The Botanist study the origin, development, structure, physiology, distribution, environment, interrelationship, classification and every other aspect of plant life and relate their findings of possible solutions to agricultural, horticultural and forestry problems. It is a fascinating career as many aspects of it deal with genetic engineering, artificial environments, space travel, agriculture, hydrophonics and many other fascinating areas of research. There are different careers in botany and each one concentrates on a specific sub-discipline. In addition, sound career botany subject provides other benefits such as individual freedom, varied work, pleasant surroundings, stimulating associates and the opportunity to travel and explore the world. A simple solution to a large problem which would not have been found if there had been no botanists.  


  • Schools, Colleges and Universities.
  • Plant Research Centres-NCL, NBRI, ARI, CDRI, CCMB, etc
  • Botanical gardens and public gardens- National Botanical Garden, Royal Botanical Garden, Vrindavan garden, etc
  • herbal centres, nursaries, food processing units, seed companies,
  • Biological material supply firms, biotechnology firms, etc.
  • Petrochemical, chemical, lumber and paper industries
  • Forest Service- conservation expert, DFO, RFO, forest developer, etc.
  • Government Agencies- Forensic science department, Greenery developer, Pollution boards, enviromental controlling agencies, etc.
  • Ecological consulting firms- Environmental impact specialist
  • Plant wealth developers- Biodiversity park developer, gardens, etc.
  • Agro business firms-Greenhouse technician, plant export expert, etc
  • Landscape development firms- Landscape manager and designer
  • Marine/freshwater institutes- NIO
  • New papers/magazines- Biological Science Columnist
  • Educational content development firms:-Content developer, Expert, photographer, etc.
  • Eco-tourism firms- as experts, tour operator, etc.

Companies and institutes: Agri-Science Park, ICRISAT; Bilag Industries Private Limited ; Deccan Florabase; Flowers of India; Golden Floriculture, Labland Biotechs, M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF), Monsanto, National Research Centre for Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (NRCMAP). 


Courses after 12th standard

  • Diploma in Floriculture and Landscape Gardening Eligibility: 12th pass. 
  • B.Sc. Botany: Eligibility: 12th pass. Centre: Almost all reputed Science Colleges in India

Courses after Graduation

  • M.Sc. Botany: Eligibility: B.Sc. Botany Course duration: 2 years Mode of admission: Entrance. Centre: Pune University www.unipune.ac.in  Pune University Many reputed universities like Baroda University/JNU/Hyderabad University/Chennai etc offers M.Sc. programmes.
  • Master of Philosophy (M.Phil): Eligibility: M.Sc. Course duration: 1-2 year Centres: Many reputed Universities.
  • Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) Eligibility: M.Sc. Duration: 2-6 years Mode of admission: NET/CSIR entrance. Or Under research projects or self funded. Centres: All reputed Universities/NCL/IARI/IISc Bangalore/Foreign Universities.
  • Doctor of Science (D.Sc.) Eligibility:  2 Years after Ph.D. / 3 Years after Master\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\'s Degree / 6 Years after Bachelor\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\'s Degree and after research in approved topic by thesis. For further details: www.unipune.ac.in 

Some important institutes offering MSc. and Ph.D programmes:

  • Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Mumbai Courses Offered M.Sc., M.S., Integrated PhD, and PhD research Mode of admission: Entrance test website:http://www.tifr.res.in
  • Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore Courses: (Integrated PhD, M.S., and PhD research) Mode of admission: Entrance. website:www.iisc.ernet.in
  • Indian Agriculture Research Institute (IARI), New Dehli. Courses: M.Sc. Animal biotechnology and Plant Sciences and PhD research) Mode of admission: Entrance test (held on May/June Then interviews are held in Ist or IInd week of June) website: www.iari.res.in
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) Courses: M.Sc., M.Phil. in Environmental Sciences, Life Science & Biotechnology and PhD research. Mode of admission: Entrance usually held in mid of May Entrance test. website:www.jnu.ac.in
  • Delhi University (South campus), Delhi Courses Offered M.Sc. Genetics and Plant Molecular biology and PhD Mode of admission: Entrance test usually held in June 2nd Week. website:www.du.ac.in
  • National Centre for Plant Genome Reasearch (NCPGR), Delhi. Courses: Ph.D Mode admission: Entrance held Ist week of June. website: http://ncpgr.nic.in
  • Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi Courses: M.Sc. Genetics and biochemistry and PhD Nature of Entrance: Generally held in Ist week of June. website: www.bhu.ac.in 

Distance courses/Online courses:

B.Sc and M.Sc.Botany courses:

M.Phil Botany courses

PhD Botany courses

Important Institutes

Other important institutes and private firms employing career aspirants.


  • University Grants Commission National Eligibility Test (UGC-NET) for life sciences/Joint CSIR-UGC Test For Junior Research Fellowship And Eligibility for Lectureship.Further details: www.ugc.ac.in
  • Maharashtra State Eligibility Test (SET):  For eligibility of lecturer ship only. 
  • GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test for Engineering) Biological sciences. Further details: WWW.iitb.ac.in/gate,
  • Scientific officer C grade. Department of Atomic Energy Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay Mumbai Eligibility: MSc. Botany/Zoology/Microbiology/Biotechnology. Further details: BARC Mumbai www.barc.ernet.in
  • Civil Services (UPSC - IAS, IPS, IFS, IES): www.upsc.govt.in 
  • MPSC: http://mpsc.maharashtra.gov.in 

Abroad opportunities

Abroad degrees

Abroad Fellowships and scholarships

Abroad Jobs

Emerging trends

  • Nanobiotechnology
  • Herbal technology
  • Plant genomics
  • Plant Biotechnology

Allied Careers